|The Man of Sorrows
This late medieval genre breaks out of the narrative chronology of the Passion to present the bloodied body of Christ to the viewer's gaze. The Man of Sorrows may be seen as at left with his mother and St. John the Evangelist, or with those two and additional saints (example), or alone (example). In one portable altar the image is placed above a Madonna and Child, the two images flanked by portraits of SS. James and Francis. Images that present the head alone (example) are called Ecce Homo, "Behold the Man," the words spoken by Pilate after he had Jesus scourged.
At left, 15th-century engraving
15th-century stained glass
In a polyptych of the Virgin, 1449