|Jesus is Scourged, Crowned
with Thorns, and Displayed to the Crowd
The scourging of Jesus is recounted in Matthew 27:26 (cached), Mark 15:15 (cached), and John 19:1 (cached). Images normally show not the scourging itself but Jesus tied to a pillar with an expression of pain, his back showing the effects of the lash, as at left and in this example.
After the scourging the Roman soldiers put a crown of thorns on Jesus' head and dress him in a purple cloak, according to Matthew 27:27-31 (cached), Mark 15:16-20 (cached), and John 19:2-5 (cached). Images of the actual placing of the crown (example) are not as common as other episodes in the Passion.
according to John 19:5-6
brings Jesus out before the crowd in his humiliating crown
and cloak and says "Behold the man." The Latin for that
phrase is Ecce homo,
the usual name for images of this episode. Some Ecce homo images
represent the entire scene -- with Pilate and his men, a
bound and bleeding Jesus in his crown and cloak, and a
howling mob led by the chief priests (example). Others
present only the figure of a bound Jesus, either with the
cloak and crown (example)
or without (example).
Spanish and Latin American localities have brotherhoods
dedicated to El Cristo de la Humildad y
Paciencia (Christ of Humility and Patience), a
sculptural type similar to the Ecce Homo. On a low stone seat
an exhausted Jesus sits bound and crowned with thorns
wearing brief pants, a rope yoke, and sometimes a red or
purple cloak (example).
He often holds the reed given him by the soldiers in
are also paintings of this type (example).
parts of Oaxaca, Mexico, local people call santos of this
type El Dios de la
Peña ("The God of Suffering") or San Paciencia (example).
in any of the gospels has Jesus seated at any time after
the crowning with thorns, but the seated Jesus may derive
from a misreading of John 19:13, where Pilate once again
takes Jesus out in front of the crowd and "he sits down on
the judgment seat" (Pilatus
ergo cum audisset hos sermones adduxit foras Iesum et
sedit pro tribunali).
Other images of the scourging:
12th century French relief
Another Crowning with Thorns:
Other Ecce Homos:
Messina painting, 15th century
Silver plaque, 17th century