Santos in Oaxaca's Ancient Churches
A study of santos in 16th-century and other churches in Oaxaca, Mexico
By Claire and Richard Stracke
Funded by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation
|Glass Case with Three
| Glass case with three santos
Our Lady of Sorrows (on the left)
Local Name: La Madre de los Dolores.
Basis for Identification: Upward gaze, clasped hands, sunburst halo, blue mantle.
Comparable santos in Oaxaca: Achiutla,
Santa Ana del
Ejutla, Mitla, Nochixtlán,
Teotitlán, Teposcolula (in
Calvary group), Tlacolula,
Xoxocotlán, Yanhuitlán (?).
Immaculate Heart of Mary (in the middle)
Local Name: Corazón de María
Basis for Identification: Heart pinned to chest, blue mantle.
Other characteristics: Embroidered white veil.
Unidentified male saint (on the right):
Short hair, wearing an alb.
Site: Church of San Pedro y San
Location: In the center of a retablo at the north end of the transept (see note).Next: Above this case, a niche with two santos
Introduction to Teposcolula
Note: On this site, references to the cardinal directions always assume that the main altar is at the east end of the church, the narthex or entry area at the west end, and the two walls of the nave on the north and south. (The nave is the long central section.) In the case of the former convento at Teposcolula, directional references align with those of the Teposcolula church. Actual orientations may differ. The "transept" is the part of the building that crosses the nave so that the whole building has the shape of a cross.
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